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Glossary

Page history last edited by Nosa 10 years, 10 months ago
  • Behavior: The manner in which an engineering system functions or operates.

 

  • Cell: The structural and functional unit of all known living organisms and is the smallest unit of an organism that is classified as living. Cells are often called the building block of life.

 

  • Communication: The general concept of information transmission.

 

  • Control: Modeling of a diverse range of dynamic systems (e.g. mechanical systems) and the design of controllers that will cause these systems to behave in the desired manner.

 

  • DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and some viruses. DNA’s main role is long-term storage of information.

 

  • Ecosystem: A natural unit consisting of all plants, animals and micro-organisms, biotic factors, in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical, abiotic factors, of the environment.

 

  • Generational Biomimicry: A group of subjects existing at the same time and having many similarities or developed from a common model. A stage or period of sequential technological development and innovation.

 

  • Macromolecule: Large molecules, mainly consisting of protein, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids that are synthesized through polymerization.

 

  • Materials: Matter which constitutes the substance of a thing (physical or non-physical).

 

  • Mechanisms: A combination of resistant bodies, so interconnected that by applying force or motion to one or more of those bodies some of those bodies are caused to perform desired work accompanied by desired motions.

 

  • Organ: A tissue that performs a specific function or group of functions.

 

  • Organelle: A specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function.

 

  • Organism: A living thing, such as animal, plant, fungus, or micro-organism, that is capable, in at least some form, of response to stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, and maintenance of homeostasis as a stable whole.

 

  • Population: The collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular species.

 

  • Process: A set of transformations of input elements into products with specific properties, characterized by transformation parameters.

 

  • Sensor: The delivery of a signal for the detection or measurement of a physical property to which a system responds.

 

  • System: A group of organs that work together to perform a certain task.

 

  • Tissue: The cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organism and is sometimes thought of as an ensemble of cells.

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